A conventional refinance is the loan of choice for many homeowners in today’s market. While HARP and FHA have dominated the refinance market in years past, the standard conventional refinance is becoming the go-to option now that home equity is returning across the nation.
With a conventional refinance, homeowners can:
- Refinance a primary residence, second home, or investment property
- Turn the home’s equity into cash at closing
- Eliminate private mortgage insurance (PMI)
- Cancel FHA mortgage insurance
- Shorten the home loan term
Conventional refinances rates are low and there are no upfront or monthly mortgage insurance fees required with 20% equity. This is why homeowners are turning to this loan type as a low-cost alternative to other refinance types.Click here to check today's low conventional refinance rates.
In this article:
- Conventional refinance rates
- Conventional streamline refinance
- Conventional loan limits
- Home equity requirements
- Conventional cash-out refinance
- Conventional refinance FAQ
- Our recommended refinance lenders
Conventional mortgages are backed by federally controlled agencies Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. These quasi-government companies purchase loans meeting certain standards, like loan-to-value ratio, credit score, and type of property. This is why conventional loans are often called conforming loans — they must conform to Fannie/Freddie rules.
Banks can lend at very low rates when they approve Fannie- and Freddie-eligible loans. This agency backing translates to a big benefit to the consumer.
Almost every refinance shopper will get a different rate based on their situation. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac set rate adjustments according to factors in the loan file. For instance, a customer refinancing a rental property will receive a rate that is a quarter to a half of one percent higher than someone refinancing a primary residence. Likewise, someone with a 660 score will receive about a quarter of one percent higher rate than a customer with a 700 score.
In short, conventional loan refinance rates are based on risk. Get the best refinance rate by being a low-risk borrower. But current rates are such that even mortgage applicants who don’t fit neatly inside a box are getting great rates and reducing their monthly payments.Check today's rates here and apply for a conventional refinance.
Refinance shoppers often ask whether there is a conventional streamline refinance similar to an FHA streamline loan that does not require an appraisal or income verification. Many homeowners who have a conventional loan now want a refinance option that requires less paperwork.
While there is no official conventional streamline program, the HARP refinance came close, but this program is now expired. Most homeowners did not need an appraisal to use this loan.
However, documentation requirements are often lower with standard refinances, mainly due to computerized approval systems. Most refinance applicants will only need to supply pay stubs, a W2, and a bank statement if any cash is required to close the loan. Additionally, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac often waive appraisal requirements for standard refinances. The modern refinance process is extremely streamlined compared to just a few years ago.
The standard conventional loan limit is $548,250. A qualifying refinance applicant can open a loan for at least this amount anywhere in the country.
But Fannie and Freddie allow higher limits in some areas. For instance, San Diego, California has a conventional loan limit of $822,375. Refinance consumers in Seattle, Washington and Queens, New York can also be approved for a higher conventional loan.
The highest limit in the country is available in Honolulu, Hawaii, which is even higher than the limit in San Diego.
Homeowners in areas with high housing costs should check their conventional loan limit before they assume they need a jumbo loan.
Homeowners who refinance multi-unit homes have access to higher loan limits:
- The conventional loan limit for a 1-unit home: $548,250
- The conventional loan limit for a 2-unit home: $702,000
- The conventional loan limit for a 3-unit home: $848,500
- The conventional loan limit for a 4-unit home: $1,054,500
Homeowners with multi-unit homes that are also in high-cost areas can receive conventional loans over $1.2 million.
Keep in mind that these are loan limits, not home price limits. Someone refinancing a $2 million home could receive a conventional loan of $548,250 in any area of the country.
Borrowers can receive a conventional refinance with as little as 5% equity in their home. New owners who purchased with an FHA loan are turning to conventional refinances to reduce mortgage insurance costs. Conventional loans with less than 20% equity require private mortgage insurance, or PMI, which costs half of FHA mortgage insurance in some cases. In addition, conventional PMI drops off when you reach 20% equity, while FHA mortgage insurance remains for the life of the loan.Check conventional rates here and see if you can refinance out of FHA.
For homeowners with 20% or more equity, the decision is easy. Conventional loans don’t require upfront or ongoing mortgage insurance at this loan-to-value ratio.
What conventional refinance loan lengths are available?
The most popular conventional refinance loan terms are 15 and 30 years. Fifteen-year fixed rates offer substantial interest rate reductions over the 30-year. Ten, twenty and twenty-five-year options are also widely available.Click here for a free refinance rate quote.
Are adjustable-rate mortgages available?
Yes. Conventional refinances are available in an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), fixed for the first three, five, seven, or ten years. During the initial fixed period, the rate is extremely low. ARMs are great for homeowners who plan to move, refinance, or pay off their mortgage in a few years.
A cash-out refinance is a loan that gives the borrower cash at closing. The cash comes from equity in the home. For instance, if a homeowner owes $100,000 on a home that’s worth $200,000, he or she can apply for a loan amount bigger than what they owe. The difference is paid to the owner in cash — figuratively speaking. The amount is typically wired to the borrower’s bank account.
Most lenders can approve a cash-out loan up to 80% loan-to-value ratio. So a homeowner who has 30% equity can take up to 10% of that equity in cash with a cash-out refinance.
Cash-out refinance rates are slightly higher than no-cash-out loans. The difference is about one-eighth of one percent. In numerical terms, it is 0.125% or about $10 more per month in interest for every $100,000 borrowed. Considering the relatively low cost, a cash-out loan is a great way to consolidate high-interest debt and get monthly expenses under control. For many households with a lot of debt from student loans, credit cards, and car loans, a cash-out loan reduces payments by many hundreds of dollars per month.Check today's cash-out refinance rates and eligibility.
Do I need to have a conventional loan now to do a conventional refinance?
No. You can refinance any type of loan with a conventional loan. With as little as 5% equity in your current mortgage, you can refinance:
- FHA loans
- USDA mortgages
- Alt-A loans
- Subprime Loans
- Option ARMs
- Adjustable-rate mortgages
My appraisal shows a lower value than expected. Can I still refinance with a conventional loan?
Possibly, but the refinance may require mortgage insurance. Even with that cost, it still might be worth refinancing.
I’m not sure about my credit. Should I apply for an FHA loan first?
You don’t have to pick one loan program when applying for a new loan. The mortgage lender will look at your entire situation and try for the lowest cost option. If a conventional loan doesn’t work out, the lender will switch you to an FHA loan. Don’t automatically rule out a conventional loan just because of your credit standing.
Can I refinance from an FHA to a conventional loan?
Yes. If you have 5% equity, you can refinance to a conventional loan.
Why get a conventional loan? Why not refinance with FHA?
FHA can be used to refinance, but it’s typically for homeowners who can’t qualify for a conventional refinance due to past credit issues. Because of its flexibility, an FHA refinance is more expensive. Most homeowners who can qualify should opt for a conventional refinance.
How do I apply for a conventional loan refinance?
Applying for a conventional refinance is just like applying for any other refinance.
Start by checking rates here. The lender will guide you through the rest of the process.
Get Started on Your Conventional Refinance Now
It’s easy to get started. Rates are low and it is a great time to apply for a conventional refinance.Check conventional rates here and get started on your refinance.